Within the framework of the international community, Germany plays an active part in Afghanistan, with the objective of preventing Afghanistan from again being a sanctuary for international terrorists. The disastrous attacks of September 11, 2001 in New York and Washington, with nearly 3,000 victims, were planned by Al Qaeda under the protection of the Taliban government in Afghanistan.
At the time, the appeal from the United Nations was heeded by more than 40 countries. Even today, they are assisting with the reconstruction of Afghanistan. At the same time, these states support the Afghan government in protecting its population. Within the framework of the international community, Germany has, from the outset, played an active part in a mandate from the Security Council; since August 2003 within the framework of the NATO alliance.
The international community strives to put Afghanistan in a position to be able to defend the emerging democracy against extremists on its own. The state must guarantee the security of its citizens and be able to develop itself in peace. Central to the success of this is that Afghanistan assume responsibility for its own security. Therefore, the Federal Government [of Germany] offers assistance with the establishment of the Afghan police force and army in particular. At the same time, we help with the civilian development of the country. The better Afghanistan’s economic and societal outlook, the less susceptible the country is to a new reign of terror by the Taliban.
Within the Security Council, leadership of handling the Afghanistan dossier was assigned to Germany at the beginning of the year. The Federal Government [of Germany] also takes this as recognition of German engagement in this region to date. With this, Germany is also tasked with the coordination of the Security Council’s treatment of Afghanistan as well as leading the negotiation of the Council’s corresponding resolutions. This affects, among others, the resolutions on the legitimization under international law of the ISAF operation and the resolutions on mandating the mission of the United Nations in Afghanistan (UNAMA). For this, Germany can call upon valuable experience gained since the first Petersberg Conference as a longstanding partner of the Afghan government as well as negotiation leader and presenter of the annual Afghanistan resolution to the UN General Assembly.