German Presidency of the Security Council
In September Germany will assume the rotating Presidency of the Security Council. In addition to the regional crisis on the agenda of the Security Council, Germany will focus on three particular issues:
- on the Arab World
On September 26, a high-level meeting will put special emphasis on recent developments in the Arab world, especially on the League of Arab States, whose importance as a regional political actor has grown considerably over recent years. Germany wants to further the relations between the United Nations and the League of Arab States so that together they can promote peace and security in the region even more effectively. Foreign Minister Westerwelle will chair the meeting, both UN Secretary-General Ban Ki moon and Secretary-General of the League of Arab States El Araby are expected to attend the session.
- on Children and Armed Conflict
On 19 September, Leila Zerrougui, the United Nations Special Representative for Children and Armed Conflict and Hervé Ladsous, Head of the Department of Peacekeeping Operations, will brief the Security Council on the situation of children in various conflict areas. The debate is to focus in particular on the question of how the Security Council can increase accountability for violations on the rights of children in armed conflicts. The basis of the discussion will be the most recent annual report of the UN Secretary General on this issue.
- on Afghanistan
On 20 September, the Security Council will debate the situation in Afghanistan. It will discuss the progress made by the United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA) in supporting Afghanistan on its way towards peace, democracy and stability. Germany fully supports the Government of Afghanistan and UNAMA in their efforts. UNAMA is a key actor in the implementation of the decisions recently taken by the international community and the Government of Afghanistan at the international conferences in Bonn, Chicago and Tokyo to further support these efforts during a Decade of Transformation. Jan Kubiš, Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Afghanistan, is expected to brief the Council.
In September, the Security Council will also deal with various other regional crisis. It is to be expected that the situation in Syria will continue to be on the agenda, as it has been in recent months. The German Government has repeatedly pressed for the Security Council to take a united stand on the regime of Bashar al Assad. On 1 September, UN Arab League Joint Special Envoy Lakhdar Brahimi will take up his post as Kofi Annan’s successor.
For 6 and 20 September, consultations are scheduled on the state of negotiations between the Sudan and South Sudan. In accordance with Resolution 2046 (2012), the Security Council has taken up the state of the Resolution’s implementation every two weeks since May. The Resolution fixes a precise timetable for the two countries to clarify outstanding questions about their relations. The first deadline – 2 August – was not met, but the African Union has extended it until 22 September.
On 17 September the Council will hold closed consultations on the Sahel. The UN Secretary General Ban Ki moon will report to the Security Council on the state of the preparation and implementation of a Sahelstrategy. The Council had called upon him to do so in its Resolution 2056 (2012). The situation in Mali is also expected to be dealt with.
On 11 September there will be consultations on the UN missions in Sierra Leone and Liberia. The mandates on UNIPSIL and UNMIL will then be up for renewal.