Statement by Ambassador Wittig on the 1737 Committee Report (Iran) - SC Open Dabate
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· Thank you, Mister President. May I join others in thanking Ambassador Osorio for preparing the first briefing in his capacity as Chair of the 1737 Committee.
· Ambassador, as you assumed responsibility for this crucial Committee at the beginning of this year, let me congratulate you on taking over this important task. This Committee does play a vital role in pursuing the dual track strategy. I can assure you that my delegation will support you unconditionally.
· The dual track strategy can only produce results if the existing measures as agreed by this Council in four resolutions are thoroughly implemented. Germany wishes to express support for the Committee´s work. We welcome that the first meeting of the Committee two weeks ago provided its members with an opportunity to express their concerns and expectations.
· We welcome the establishment of the Panel of Experts as laid out in resolution 1929. The Panel is operational and pursues its tasks with dedication and commitment. The Panel´s interim report contains a number of practical recommendations. We fully support these useful recommendations that provide a solid basis for improving the implementation of existing sanctions measures.
· Let me draw your attention to three issues mentioned in the report. First, Germany is concerned about the high number of violation cases that were recently uncovered and reported to the Committee. Many of these cases involve the extensive delivery of weapons from Iran to instable regions in West Africa and the Middle East. I join others and express our particular concern at two cases that occurred last week and that underline once more the urgency of proper sanctions implementation. We now need a proper assessment of the patterns of sanctions violations to better understand the circumvention of the existing regime.
· More accurate reporting by Member States will be helpful in this regard. We encourage Member States to cooperate with the Committee and the Panel of Experts and urge them to promptly report incidents of sanctions violations and denials of export licenses in a detailed and comprehensive manner. We welcome the report of the Panel on implementation reporting according to resolution 1929. This report contains a useful checklist that may enable Member States to improve their reporting practice.
· Secondly, I am stating the obvious: obligations deriving from resolutions of this Council have to be fulfilled by all Member States. We are aware that this requires firm commitment and significant efforts. Best practices may prove to be useful in this regard. I would like to recommend that the Panel of Experts develop a toolbox for best practices concerning the implementation of sanctions.
· Another important element could indeed be a pro-active outreach campaign with the broader membership. In order to inform Member States of the current sanctions regime Germany welcomes outreach activities. By providing other states with assistance in developing export control mechanisms and by pursuing in-reach activities on internal compliance procedures of private companies the efficiency of measures could be improved.
· Today´s briefing follows the latest IAEA report on the implementation of the NPT Safeguards Agreement and relevant provisions of this Council´s resolutions in Iran. The report clearly states that Iran has not suspended work on all heavy water related projects which is in violation of the relevant resolutions of this Council. Although Iran is obliged to suspend all enrichment related activities by the same resolutions Iran continues to pursue enrichment activities and is, once again, in violation of its international obligations.
· In its report the IAEA summarizes Iran´s obligations which need to be fully implemented in order to restore confidence in the exclusively peaceful nature of Iran´s nuclear programme. In this regard, we call on Iran to cooperate with the Agency by implementing and ratifying the Additional Protocol. We also believe it is time to finally apply the modified Code 3.1 of the subsidiary arrangements to its Safeguards Agreement.
· We are particularly concerned about possible military dimensions of the Iranian nuclear programme. We urge Iran to discuss the outstanding issues with the IAEA and to facilitate the provision of additional information as well as to grant access to persons and installations as required by the IAEA.
· Let me conclude by highlighting that together with our partners in the international community, in particular in the framework of the E3+3, we remain committed to find a long-lasting and peaceful solution to the Iranian nuclear file. Confidence in the exclusively peaceful nature of its nuclear programme must be restored by Iran. The first step in this direction is the establishment of mutual confidence. The recent talks in Istanbul were meant to create such confidence. From our perspective, the conversations in Istanbul were very disappointing.
· We call on Iran to reconsider its intransigent attitude and return to the negotiation table in good faith – ready to engage constructively. We deplore that talks have not yet led to substantial conclusions. As set out in resolution 1929, we remain committed to our offer of June 2008. Additional proposals were made in Istanbul. We continue to believe that a solution only comes through negotiations and dialogue. Dialogue requires that both sides are ready to engage. We are. The door remains open for Iran. We call on Iran to seize this opportunity.
· Thank you.