Ambassador Berger on Iran and the IAEA-Report in the Security Council
· Thank you, Mister President. I thank Ambassador Osorio for his briefing and his leadership as chair of the committee.
· Today´s briefing follows the latest IAEA report on the implementation of the NPT Safeguards Agreement and relevant provisions of this Council´s resolutions on Iran. The Director General of the IAEA reported on 24 May that Iran was not implementing a number of its legally binding obligations: suspension of enrichment related activities; suspension of heavy water related activities; and clarification of the remaining outstanding issues which give rise to concerns, in particular about possible military dimensions to its nuclear programme.
· We are particularly concerned about possible military dimensions. The IAEA informed in that report that the Agency had received further information related to undisclosed nuclear related activities involving Iranian military organizations, including activities related to the development of a nuclear payload for a missile. We urge Iran to cooperate fully with the IAEA, to clarify outstanding issues and to provide additional information as well as to grant access to relevant locations, equipment, documentation and persons as requested by the IAEA.
· In addition, Iran continues to enrich uranium to nearly 20% at the Pilot Fuel Enrichment Plant. At the same time, Iran continues to reject to provide the Agency with information on the chronology and purpose of the Fordow Fuel Enrichment Plant under construction near Ghom. Furthermore, Iran had informed the Agency that it planned to begin feeding nuclear material into cascades by this summer. Instead of building confidence with the international community, Iran pursues its way in exactly the opposite direction. Latest reports on satellite launches by Iran underline once more that Iran refuses to abide by this Council´s resolutions.
· The dual track strategy offers two ways forward: We continue to be ready to engage Iran in meaningful negotiations about its nuclear programme. This would be our preferred choice. Unfortunately, given Iran's unwillingness to talk about its nuclear programme and against the background of Iran setting unacceptable prerequisites for talks, we have no other choice than to follow-up on the pressure track in order to move Iran back to the negotiation table. Germany fully supports the proper implementation of what this Council has decided in four rounds of sanctions.
· On 9 June the Council adopted resolution 1984 (2011) and extended the mandate of the Iran Panel of Experts. Germany welcomes the renewal of the mandate. I should like to express our full appreciation for the excellent work of this Panel. We are convinced that the eight highly qualified Experts have set the right priorities by carefully inspecting the many violations cases and by thoroughly reporting on these incidents. We also support the outreach activities of the Panel and ask them to continue with their work in that vein.
· On 7 May the Panel provided us with a comprehensive final report. Germany fully supports this useful report. The detailed analysis contained therein plus the valuable practical recommendations provide very good guidance to UN member states.
· It is a disappointment for my delegation that this report is yet to be published and handed out to the broader UN membership. For the sake of transparency of this Council´s work my delegation has formally requested the publication of the final report – in accordance with the standing procedure to publish final reports of expert groups.
· Let me highlight three messages that the report is sending. First, a number of recommendations focus on updating designations. Germany believes that the complex package deal that we achieved in resolution 1929 (2010) has to be adapted to the constantly changing environment in Iran. The current designation lists include names of persons who are no longer in official positions with the IRGC for example. At the same time, new persons are occupying these posts. In order to keep pace with the development on the ground we should add designations accordingly.
· Secondly, the report recommends to designate specific and well-known sanctions violators. I would like to recall that resolution 1929 (2010) in its operative paragraph 26 recalls that the Iran sanctions committee may designate individuals and entities who are assisting in violating sanctions provisions or in evading existing measures.
· Thirdly, let me point to the many cases of weapon exports from Iran to other countries, in particular Syria. We call on all member states to carefully implement the weapons embargo. Weapon deliveries towards volatile regions in the Middle East and elsewhere come with strong destabilizing effects. Germany would like to ask the Panel of Experts to prepare an assessment on the patterns of the many weapon export violation cases in order to better understand and avoid them in the future.
· As the E3+3 pointed out in a joint statement at the latest Board of Governors meeting in Vienna on 8 June, we have attempted to engage Iran in a constructive dialogue on the basis of reciprocity and a step-by-step approach that might find a solution to the confidence crisis that exists with respect to Iran´s nuclear programme. We reaffirm our unity of purpose and collective determination through direct diplomacy. We call on Iran to respond in a positive and constructive spirit.
· Thank you.